Painting that recreates the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, in Pompeii, in 79

Throughout history, numerous natural catastrophes have remained etched in the collective imagination. Between tsunamis, earthquakes or volcanoes, the disastrous consequences that have sometimes occurred have led not to forget to prevent, and have even inspired filmmakers or writers. Today we are witnessing one of these situations live . But it is not fiction, nor is it happening on the other side of the planet. It is happening in Spain, in the Canary Islands and in the middle of the year 2021. A volcano on the island of La Palma has few hours ago erupted a , leaving impressive images and keeping its population in suspense. Being, with this, inevitable to revisit history , we list some of the volcanic eruptions that, at different times and points of the planet, have produced and have been marked in the memory.

Vesuvius, Pompeii. 79 BC It was the most famous and perhaps deadly volcanic eruption in history. This last, surely, given the little prevention of the population of the time, as well as the surprise that this catastrophe entailed. Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabia were the cities that - above all - were buried by volcanic ash . Although the total number of fatalities remains unknown, of the approximately 20,000 people who lived in these cities, the remains of 1,500 have been found in Pompeii and Herculaneum. This story continues to impress both experts and the curious, Pompeii being today a city to visit and where the ruins and remains demonstrate to what extent the catastrophe was total.

The Caldera de La Garita, in the United States . It retains the title of the most powerful eruption in history. It happened about 27 million years ago, and it literally changed the Earth's climate. Today, the volcano's crater can be seen in the San Juan Mountains (southwestern Colorado), and such is its size that experts seem to agree that it is the only known volcanic event of magnitude 9. Although the The actual extent of the area devastated by the La Garita eruption is unknown, some recent research suggests that the ash may have reached the east coast of North America and the Caribbean.

Tambora, in Indonesia. It occurred in 1815 and reached magnitude 7 of the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI). Like the vast majority of disasters of this type, this eruption also had devastating effects on the European climate. In fact, the year 1816 is the worst recorded on the continent in terms of bad weather, registering average temperatures of about three degrees Celsius below average. In other words, the year after the disaster became known as "the year without a summer." In terms of fatalities, and perhaps also due to the lack of disaster prevention equipment, 60,000 people died.

Krakatoa, in Indonesia . Again, this country, in 1883, suffered one of the most catastrophic explosions in history. It destroyed much of the group of islands in the archipelago, causing their near disappearance, as well as caused a tsunami that killed 435 people. In addition, it was not only an eruption, but occurred several between May and August of that year. This the experts attributed to an accumulation of extremely hot steam.

Mount Pelée, on the island of Martinique. In 1902, on the French island located in the Lesser Antilles, in Caribbean waters, he was the victim of another major volcanic eruption. 29,933 people died, and the impact was not only social and climatic, but also economic, cultural and political. The eruption of Mount Pelée affected, above all, the colonial city of St. Pierre , a city known for selling the best sugar cane. In fact, when the city burst into flames, tons of cane and sugar caught fire and thousands of people were instantly killed, suffocated or incinerated.

Pinatubo, in the Philippines. It happened in 1991 and was one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. After 500 years of inactivity, the Pinatubo exploded and its effects were felt throughout the world . Although several thousand people could be evacuated before the catastrophe, the disaster sent large amounts of gases into the stratosphere, causing a reduction in the normal amount of sunlight on the planet's surface and, therefore, a decrease in temperatures.